Know Your Bible




Do you want to understand the Bible? You can! God gave us the Bible so that we can understand His will. “So then do not be foolish, but understand what the will of the Lord is.” (Ephesians 5:17)

Since God tells us to understand His will, it must be possible. So those people who say we cannot understand what God wants us to do are wrong.

  1. 1) What verse tells us that we must understand the will of the Lord?
  2. 2) Can man understand the Bible?

This six-lesson Bible course will help you to understand your Bible. You will study important things about the will of God. You will learn things which will help you study the Bible for yourself.

The Bible will judge us in the last day. Jesus said, “the word I spoke is what will judge him at the last day.” (John 12:48) We must understand His word, for we must obey it or be lost in the Judgment Day.

  1. 3) The will judge us in the last day.

The Bible has two main parts. They are: 1) The Old Testament and 2) The New Testament. In Section II of this lesson we will notice the difference between them.

There are 66 books in the Bible. The Old Testament has 39, and the New Testament has 27.

  1. 4) Name the two main parts of the Bible. 1) 2)
  2. 5) How many books are in the Bible?
  3. 6) How many books are in the Old Testament?
  4. 7) How many books are in the New Testament?

The books of the Old Testament may be divided into four parts:

LAW - 5 Books   HISTORY - 12 Books



Genesis through Deuteronomy have God's law to Israel. (Genesis also tells us about the early beginnings of mankind.)


Joshua through Esther give the history of Israel (the Jewish nation.)


Job through Song of Solomon have God's instructions for man's daily problems.


Isaiah through Malachi have prophecies of the future. The prophecies are for Israel and the Gentile nations, and they tell about the coming Messiah (Jesus). These prophecies have been fulfilled and are a wonderful proof that God gave the Bible.

  1. 8) The first five books of the Old Testament are called books of .
  2. 9) The book of Genesis tells of the of mankind.
  3. 10) through are the 12 books of history in the Old Testament.
  4. 11) Job through Song of Solomon are called .
  5. 12) How many books of prophecy are in the Old Testament?
  6. 13) The are a wonderful proof that God gave the Bible.

The books of the New Testament may also be divided into four parts:


Matthew through John are the four GOSPELS which tell of Christ's life, His work and His suffering. These biographies tell us almost everything we know about Jesus.


The book of ACTS is the history of the early church. This book tells us how people became Christians and how the church of Christ began, was organized, and spread. After gaining an understanding of the story in the gospels, the beginning Bible student should probably read Acts next. It is easy to understand and it teaches you how to become a Christian.


Romans through Jude are letters to Christians telling how we must live and serve God.


Revelation tells of things which John said “must shortly come to pass” (Revelation 1:1). In this book we see how God's people win over every evil, even over Satan himself!

  1. 14) The first four books of the New Testament teach us about the life of .
  2. 15) The history of the early church may be found in the book of .
  3. 16) 21 letters were written to telling how we must live and serve God.
  4. 17) The book of shows how God's people win over every evil.

“When He said, 'A new covenant,' He has made the first obsolete” (old).—Hebrews 8:13

Our Bible has an Old Testament and a New Testament. The Old Testament was given to the Jews, but the New Testament was given to all nations.

Also, the New Testament has taken the place of the Old Testament. God's people today are not under the Old Testament. We are under the New.

  1. 18) To what people was the Old Testament law given?

God gave all the Bible. But He gave the first Covenant as a temporary law. It stopped being God's law when Jesus died on the cross.


The reason that it is no longer God's law is that it finished its work. In the book of Galatians Paul, the apostle, tells us that we are justified (saved) by faith in Christ. Then he writes:

“But before faith came, we were kept in custody under the law, being shut up to the faith which was later to be revealed.”—Galatians 3:23

This means that the law (of Moses) was taking care of the Jews in the way a servant takes care of children. The law was keeping them until “the faith” was revealed—that is, until Jesus came and the whole plan of salvation by faith in Christ was given to men.

  1. 19) What were the Jews "kept in custody under?"
  2. 20) What was going to be revealed afterwards?
“Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified by faith.”—Galatians 3:24.

Here Paul calls the law a "tutor."

“But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor.”—Galatians 3:25

If we are no longer under a tutor, we are no longer under the law of Moses. That law did its work. It brought the Jews to Christ. Now its work is finished and no one is under it any more.

  1. 21) Galatians 3:24 calls the law "our ".
  2. 22) Because faith has come, we are no longer under a .

In his letter to the church at Colossae, Paul tells the Gentiles (those who are not Jews) that they can now be saved.

“When you were dead in your transgressions and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He made you alive together with Him, having forgiven us all our transgressions”—Colossians 2:13

This verse says that the Gentiles were separated from God by two things – 1) their sins (transgressions) and 2) the fact that they were not circumcised.

  1. 23) What two things separated the Gentiles from God? a) b)

Jesus came to correct both things. He came to forgive their trespasses (sins) and—

“having canceled out the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us, which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross.”—Colossians 2:14

The “certificate of debt” was made up of “decrees” which are “laws.” The thing which Jesus “canceled out” and has “taken it out of the way” was made up of laws. It was the law of Moses which said that all male Jews had to be circumcised, etc. It was the law which kept Gentiles separate from the Jews and left the Gentiles with a debt they could not pay.

  1. 24) What was the "certificate of debt"?
  2. 25) When was it taken out of the way?

The reason it was taken away when Jesus died on the cross is simple. That was when Jesus fulfilled everything necessary to take it away and bring the New Testament.

“When He had disarmed the rulers and authorities, He made a public display of them, having triumphed over them through Him.”—Colossians 2:15.

Satan tried to stop Jesus by killing Him on the cross. But the cross was when sins were forgiven and when the Law of Moses was taken away. Satan and his powers were “disarmed,” that is, their power was taken away.

  1. 26) When were Satan and his powers "disarmed"?
“Therefore no one is to act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day—things which are a mere shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ.”—Colossians 2:16-17

The law which said that Jews must not eat pork, and which said they must keep the Passover and the sabbath, was nailed to the cross. We must not let any man judge us by that law any more. It is gone. We have come to Christ. He is the real thing for which the Old Covenant was preparing the world and so His word shows us what God really wants from us.

  1. 27) Why must no man judge us in meat or the sabbath?
  2. 28) May a Christian eat pork? (Read also 1 Timothy 4:1-5)
  3. 29) May a Christian work on the Sabbath (Saturday)?
  4. 30) By what law is a Christian NOT judged?

“For this reason He is the mediator (giver) of a new covenant (agreement), so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption (salvation) of the transgressions (sins) that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.” – Hebrews 9:15

A “testament” is a will. Jesus died to bring His new testament, a will in which there is salvation from sins.

  1. 31) What is a testament?
“For where a covenant (or testament—a will) is, there must of necessity be the death of the one who made it. For a covenant (will) is valid only when men are dead, for it is never in force while the one who made it lives.”—Hebrews 9:16-17

While Jesus was living, His testament (will) was not yet the law for men. The law of Moses was still God's law. But when Jesus died, He took the law out of the way and brought His new testament into power. Until He died, His testament had no strength. But when He died, His will became the law for all mankind. Therefore we must keep the New Testament, not the Old.

  1. 32) What testament (will) was God's law for the Jews while Jesus was living?
  2. 33) When did Christ's testament (will) become the law for all mankind?

Is there any reason to study the Old Testament? Yes! In Romans 15:4 Paul wrote: “For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, so that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.” 1 Corinthians 10:11 says, “Now these things happened to them as an example, and they were written for our instruction (warning)...”

  1. 34) Whatever was written in earlier times was written for our .
  2. 35) What was written for our instruction (warning) (see 1 Corinthians 10:11)?

When we read of Noah, Abraham, and David, we see how God rewarded them because of their faithful lives. When we read of Cain, Esau, and Jezebel we see how God punished them because of their unfaithfulness. These things teach us about God. God's laws are different today, but God's attitude toward sin is the same.

  1. 36) Has God's attitude toward sin changed?

Christians live under the New Testament of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ. We must do only the things commanded in the New Testament, and the things which the early church did.

Many wrong teachings come because people do not know the difference between the Old and New Testaments. Denominations are doing things which Jesus does not tell us to do, things which are not in His New Testament. We must listen to Jesus, not to Moses.

  1. 37) Where do we find the commands for Christians?
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